ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot released by OpenAI. The chatbot launched in November 2022 (stable release on February 2023) and relies on a smart family of broad language models to operate. Users can type in questions into ChatGPT about a wide range of topics and receive responses within moments.
ChatGPT receives praise as a smart language to provide responses, but several concerns exist about its factual accuracy. However, many current users of this AI chatbot have no idea how it works or its full potential. To understand ChatGPT better, we need to see details about its language, applications, and much more.
That’s why this article provides every vital information about ChatGPT you need to know. You’ll get information about the chat bot’s major features, applications, limitations, and other essential details.
Major Language Models of ChatGPT
The ChatGPT operates as a member of generative pre-trained transformer (GPT) family of smart language models. Throughout development, the language received fine-tuning over its basic language family – the GPT 3 – to produce a smarter version called the GPT 3.5.
Fine-tuning of the ChatGPT language relies on supervised and reinforcement learning processes.
The learning process called reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLHF) – uses human trainers to make ChatGPT’s language model much smarter and improve its overall performance. Humans trained the language as an AI assistant and a regular user to shore up responses for robust answers to various questions.
ChatGPT also receives language model fine-tuning from various releases of Proximal Policy Optimization (PPO). PPO deepens reinforcement-learning options for ChatGPT, so the AI tool can perform complex tasks with remarkable performance.
What Can ChatGPT Do?
Mimic a human conversation
ChatGPT primarily acts as a human assistant and can provide answers to most questions from users. The language model behind its operation ensures users get the nearest-to-human response from its chatbot.
Responses from ChatGPT go through a broad range moderator to ensure no potentially sexist or racist prompts ever get out as responses.
Chat room simulation
ChatGPT can do much more than answer questions and may double as a capable chat room simulator. The language tool can provide an infinite amount of responses and mimic human activity common in actual chat rooms.
Write and debug programs
ChatGPT relies on its smart algorithm to write computer programs and debug faulty code in existing instructions. The algorithm may grow to become an automatic debugger for several complex computer programs.
ChatGPT’s broad language model mass can compose musical notes according to user requests. The smart tool creates rhythmical notes within moments and could compete with established AI music tools in the future.
ChatGPT can create varying works of art apart from music notes in record time. The AI tool can write essays, teleplays, poetry, and other literary art forms with increased engagement and accuracy.
Answer test questions
ChatGPT recently passed a US-standard bar exam, meaning it can give smart responses to wide-ranging test questions.
Stores previous prompts
ChatGPT can store past prompts in a conversation and provide responses based on previous remarks. The ability to remember previous prompts means ChatGPT can hold a conversation for long periods and may work as a personalized therapist in the future.
Limitations of ChatGPT
ChatGPT isn’t perfect, that’s for sure. Check out some of its major limitations:
- ChatGPT may write incorrect answers to some questions and they may sound plausible
- The AI tool uses certain phrases too much and might be too verbose for some users
- ChatGPT doesn’t ask clarifying questions and only seeks to assume what a user meant
- The chatbot cannot refuse inappropriate requests and responds to self-sabotaging instructions
The AI tool is still in its early days and may overcome these limitations as it continues learning
Concerns about ChatGPT
Influence in socio-politics
ChatGPT’s influence on social and political matters raises concerns across countries worldwide. Some nations currently have active bans against the use of ChatGPT in any form.
In February 2023, a campus-wide email at the University of Hong Kong prohibited ChatGPT for use among students and instructors. ChatGPT is banned in classes, assessments, assignments, and other activity at the university.
Several commentators also believe ChatGPT might have a negative effect on democracy. For example, Tyler Cowen, a renowned economist and commentator believes ChatGPT’s ability to create automated comments on several topics might affect how new regulations are formed by governments.
Also, an editorial piece from The Guardian questions ChatGPT’s content and wonders if its releases “can be truly trusted”. The editor also called on relevant authorities to regulate its usage in Britain.
ChatGPT’s sudden rollout could fuel an “AI arms race”, according to the New York Times. At the time of writing, there are at least four (4) different alternatives to ChatGPT. What happens when tech giants decide to outdo each other with their own model? There’s no telling if the outcome of this hyper-competitive space might favor or hurt the human race.
Worries over accuracy on topics
ChatGPT provides quick answers about a wide range of topics. However, commentators are undecided about the tool’s potential to become a reliable source of information. Several reports of factual ambiguity of responses from ChatGPT raises such concerns frequently.
For example, Stack Overflow (a popular Q & A website) banned users from generating answers with ChatGPT. The company cited ChatGPT’s unreliable response pool as a major factor behind their decision.
Also, in January 2023, the International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML) banned undocumented usage of ChatGPT and any other broad language models to create text for submitted papers.
ChatGPT’s emergence continues to revolutionize how humans apply AI in real-world scenarios. The language is currently passing through a phase of development and may become much smarter with time.
Concerns over its negative effects are valid, and only time can tell if ChatGPT becomes a plus or minus to humankind.
There’s hope, though.
The seeming competition among AI language tools might provide ChatGPT an environment to grow into a smarter software and enjoy wide acceptance across industries.